Another health study that does not include Multiracial people.
Fast-Food Intake Highest Among Young, Black, and Obese Adults
From 2007 to 2010, the average American adult obtained just over a tenth of his or her daily calories from restaurant fast food or pizza, according to a cross-sectional population survey. Young blacks obtained a fifth of their daily calories from fast food.
These findings, from National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) data, were published online in a National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) brief on February 21.
The report authors, Cheryl D. Fryar, MSPH, and R. Bethene Ervin, PhD, from the National Center for Health Statistics, from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, in Hyattsville, Maryland, write that previous reports showed how fast-food consumption gained momentum during the 1990s. Other studies found that those who frequently devoured fast food also tended to eat fewer healthy nutrients and gain weight.
To determine how many daily calories were obtained from fast foods, the researchers examined NHANES data from white, black, and Hispanic adults aged 20 to more than 60 years from 2007 to 2010. The respondents were stratified by income and weight.
During 2007 – 2010, fast food accounted for 11.3% of the typical American diet, down slightly from 12.8% in 2003 – 2006. The percentage of calories from fast food did not differ significantly between men (11.8%) and women (10.9%).
Consumption of fast foods dropped with age. On average, by age 60 years and older, fast food accounted for only 6.0% of the average diet, as opposed to 10.5% at age 40 to 59 years and 15.3% at age 20 to 39 years. This change in eating habits was found for both men and women.
Although among younger blacks, 21.1% of daily calories came from fast foods, among younger whites and Hispanics, only about 14.6% of daily calories were obtained from fast foods.
Similarly, among middle-aged blacks, 13.2% of calories were derived from fast foods, whereas among middle-aged whites and Hispanics, only about 10.3% of calories came from fast foods.
Seniors of all races and ethnicities had the same lower rates of fast-food consumption.
The youngest adults relied less on inexpensive takeout food as their incomes rose. Income did not affect fast-food consumption in the other 2 age groups.
Weight predicted fast-food intake. Among individuals with normal or low weight, 9.6% of calories came from noshing on fast food. However, this type of food accounted for 11.2% of calories for overweight individuals and 13.1% of calories for obese individuals. In all age groups, obese individuals derived the highest percentage of calories from fast food.
Source: NCHS data brief. Published online February 21, 2013.Article
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